Fencing, a unique combat sport that As part of the Summer Olympics, he faces two competitors with a sword brandishing against each other in a skill and agility contest. Each fencer tries to touch the other with the tip of his sword to score touches or points. All fencing competitions must follow some basic rules to guarantee not only the competitive balance, but also the safety of all the participants.
Fencing competitors must wear the proper equipment necessary, including a mask, a fencing jacket, a pair of fencing trousers to protect the legs and a fencing glove that covers the sleeve on the arm the sword. Officials will review participants before each fight to ensure that the team complies with all safety regulations. The fencer must also hold approved weapons, either blade, saber or sword.
Fencing uses a simple scoring system, awarding a point for each time a fencer touches his opponent with his weapon. Depending on the form of the competition, the matches can last up to five times with a time limit of three minutes or up to 15 touches and a time limit of nine minutes, according to the rules of the U. S. Fencing Association.
A fencer must touch his opponent in an approved target area on the body to register a point, with the target changing depending on the weapon used. In sword discipline, contact with any part of the opponent's body registers a touch. Saber fencing limits the target area to the torso, which means anywhere above the waist. Leaf fencing reduces it further, restricting the target area only to the trunk and eliminating the arms and head of consideration.
The fencers compete in a long narrow band of material and must remain in the fencing band at all times. The band or track must be 46 feet long and measure between 5 and approximately 7 feet wide. The band contains a central line, two guard lines around 6 feet from the center line and two lines marking the posterior limits of the band, approximately 23 feet from the center line.
If a fencer steps beyond the legal side limits of the band, the official will grant 1 meter or approximately 3 feet of ground to the opponent, at the restart. Stepping outside the back limits of the band gives the opponent a touch. Officials may also award the touch to the opponent if a fencer attacks with both hands, if he does not obey the instructions or if he shows unsportsmanlike conduct or excessively violent behavior.