Scaly skin and itchy scalp due Dandruff can be frustrating for children, parents and caregivers. Fortunately, dandruff is not contagious and is rarely serious. By understanding the causes of dandruff and the effects of anti-dandruff shampoos, adults can make informed decisions about products for children and help relieve their dandruff diseases.
Dandruff could occur due to a fight between two substances that naturally occur on the scalp: sebum and yeast, the National Institutes of Health says. Normally, hair follicles produce sebum, a form of skin oil, which helps lubricate the scalp and follicles. A yeast called malassezia lives on the scalp and eats sebum, preventing its accumulation. But in times of stress, hormonal changes and immune complications, yeast production can be accelerated. The abundant yeast engulfs the sebum and steals moisture from the scalp and hair, leading to irritation and scaling of the scalp.
Since dandruff is unusual in children, adults may rule out other causes. Skin diseases such as eczema can migrate and instigate dandruff, says the American Academy of Pediatrics. Young children with prolonged sun exposure may develop sunburns on the scalp, leading to desquamation. Children can also have scab, a scaly scalp rash that is common in newborns but can last up to a three-year-old child. As the scab does not itch and must be removed manually, it can be easily differentiated from dandruff. The American Academy of Pediatrics also suggests that adults observe children a lot to rule out lice or tinea, contagious but treatable diseases.
Anti-dandruff shampoos without a prescription have a set of ingredients, including pyrithione and ketoconazole, that reduce scalp fungus; salicylic acid, which limits the accumulation of skin cells and selenium sulfide, which helps keep skin cells moist, explains the Mayo Clinic. But the effectiveness of these products has not been proven in children and can cause additional skin irritation and sensitivity in young people.
How to use it
Brush hair before washing to loosen dead skin cells. To limit skin irritation, do not use hot water or hot settings in a hair dryer. Regardless of the shampoo you use, wash your hair thoroughly. As BabyCenter points out. com, children can not sit still long enough for all the shampoo to rinse, then the shampoo can dry and peel, imitating dandruff.Alternatively, excess shampoo on the scalp can cause skin irritation and flaking of skin cells. BabyCenter. com suggests using only one tablespoon of shampoo and being twice as long as rinsing and washing hair.
If products without a prescription are ineffective or induce irritation, you may need a specially formulated product from a dermatologist. Sudden and severe dandruff can be a sign of a bigger health problem.