Residual molasses is created when Sugar cane is boiled up to three times. It has a lower sugar content than other types of molasses, because each boil of the sugar cane eliminates more of this substance. Residual molasses is one of the few sweeteners that contains vitamins and minerals. While white sugar, black sugar and honey contain almost no vitamin or mineral, the residual molasses provides more than 10 percent of the recommended daily intake, or RDA (for the acronym in English), of six vitamins and minerals.
A serving of 2 tablespoons of residual molasses contains 116 calories, all of which come from carbohydrates. The portion contains no fat or protein, and 30 grams of carbohydrates; most of them are sugars. One serving contains 22.2 grams of sugar, which is a combination of sucrose, glucose and fructose. The molasses does not contain fibers.
One serving of molasses contains 1.89 mg of iron, which contributes more than 20 percent of the RDA of iron for men and 11 percent for women. Molasses is an excellent source of iron for vegetarians, as it is one of the few non-meat foods rich in this nutrient. Other vegetarian sources of iron include legumes and spinach. Because vegetarian iron sources are difficult to absorb by the body, it is better to consume them with vitamin C, which helps the absorption of this mineral. Many fruits, such as oranges and kiwi, have a high vitamin C content.
Residual molasses is rich in calcium, which is essential for strengthening of teeth and bones. One serving contains 82 mg, which provides 8, 2 percent of the RDA. In addition, the residual molasses is rich in copper, manganese and magnesium, which are also important for bone strength. One portion contributes 22 percent of the RDA of copper, 26 percent of the manganese and 23 percent of the magnesium requirements. Each of these minerals represent other roles for the proper functioning of the body. For example, copper helps produce red blood cells, and magnesium contributes to the manufacture of hormones. Also, a serving of molasses contains 586 mg of potassium, or more than 20 percent of the RDA.
While it does not have as much vitamin content as minerals, molasses does contain small amounts of certain water-soluble B vitamins. One serving provides 6 percent of the RDA of pantothenic acid, as well as 21 percent of the RDA of vitamin B-6.Vitamin B-6 strengthens the immune and nervous systems, in addition to helping to metabolize proteins. The residual molasses does not contain vitamins C, A, E, D or K.