These days, 40 years does not seem to correspond to your mother. For one thing, many women in this decade still have young children around them, not to mention the youthful feeling of eating better and exercising regularly. And really, how many of your mothers ran marathons or did 90 minutes of intense yoga at that age?
But the number is equally important when it comes to your health. From age 40 onwards, a woman's risk of developing conditions such as hypertension, heart disease, osteoporosis, diabetes and arthritis increases, and most clinicians encourage annual physical routines, especially when covered by the most insurance plans. But there is a lot of good news: many of these problems can be bordered or delayed if you keep or begin to focus on healthy and intelligent life habits.
Having healthy habits, this is the decade to take a look at family history. Take colon cancer as an example: although colonoscopies are not recommended until the age of 50, if you have a father or brother who had this disease, or cancer or precancerous polyps have been removed, "you must analyze yourself 10 years before what the family member was diagnosed, "says Dr. Dana Simpler, a doctor at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. Therefore, if your mom had colon cancer at age 55, schedule an analysis for you when you are 45 years old.
The American Cancer Society has recommended that you start with an annual breast cancer screening at age 40 (and younger if you have risk factors such as family history), the US Preventive Services Task Force achieved a change that revolutionized the whole world in 2009 when he said that routine analysis should not begin until 50 years.
The reasoning: the risks of a decade of annual analysis (increased exposure to radiation, higher incidence of false positives, possibly because young women have denser breast tissue, unnecessary biopsies) outweigh the benefits. That said, it should be borne in mind that these new guidelines are based on clinical outcomes, not on emotional concerns and the American Cancer Society has not altered its recommendations. Everyone knows a story of a younger woman of 40 or 50 whose breast cancer was found, and successfully treated, thanks to a mammogram.
The result is that although mammography can be an imperfect tool, it is also done. To find out what is right for you, discuss your risks and family history with your doctor.
So, you're holding a restaurant menu farther from your face.What you probably have is a predictable middle-aged condition called "presbyopia," a shortening of the focus that is also called short arm syndrome.
If you already used lenses, consult your ophthalmologist to see if you should separate the lenses for reading or to prescribe bifocals. Otherwise, simply take a pair of magnifying glasses from the pharmacy.
Those who have never seen a doctor should make an appointment for a global exam that, according to the American Academy of Opthalmology, can find early signs of age-related problems (cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration related to the age) that may be lurking without showing any symptoms.
The test will also include an eye pressure analysis; dilation of the pupil so that the doctor can see your retina and optic nerve, and an analysis of visual accuracy, reading letters on a table for eyes.
Analysis of blood sugar level / diabetes
With the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention statistics showing that more than a third of adults are considered obese, it is not surprising that type 2 diabetes (formerly called diabetes as an adult) is a huge and growing concern, which makes it difficult to find out if you are in danger of developing it.
If you've never had an analysis, starting now is an obligation, according to the American Diabetes Association. You will probably be asked for a fasting blood glucose test. A normal reading of this analysis is below 100 mg / dl. If your results are between 100 and 125 mg / dl, you will be considered pre-diabetic (and you should consider this as a warning call). According to the ADA, losing a few pounds, around your total weight, can put you back in the safe zone. Talk to your doctor about other dietary modifications and recommendations. If your FPG is 126 mg / dL or higher, you have diabetes, a chronic, irreversible condition with repercussions throughout life.
A more accurate analysis for diabetes is the analysis of hemoglobin A1C. While a fasting blood test is a snapshot in time, the A1C test examines a protein in the blood that changes in the presence of too much blood sugar, indicating a glucose level in a period of three or four months. An A1C of 5, 6 percent (which means the percentage of sugar in your blood) is normal; A prediabetic range is between 5, 7 and 6, 4 percent. Any value on these numbers indicates diabetes.
Smile and hold when the gynecologist inserts your gloved finger into your rectum during your regular pelvic exam. This on-the-ground analysis to see occult blood in the stool is important because this symptom is an early indicator of colon cancer, which can be diagnosed with further analysis.