Allergy to dogs occurs when a person has an allergic reaction to animal dander that dogs bounce. Dandruff generates allergy by provoking the proteins of saliva and urine, which are often responsible for allergies. The animal's own skin is not really the main culprit of the allergy.
There is no such thing as a race of hypoallergenic dogs.
Mayo Clinic and the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI)
Living with dogs
Does asthma mean you have to live your life without dogs? For some people, yes, but for another it is not necessarily so. It is believed that dogs with less skin and more hairs are less allergenic. For some of my patients, this is true.
There are dogs that are supposedly hypoallergenic, which simply means that they have less allergic substances. Although there has been much talk about so-called hypoallergenic dogs before - especially when President Obama and his family were buying their dog Bo--, the fact is that all dogs can cause allergies. Having said that, it is still possible to find a dog that does not make the symptoms of your asthma worse.
In 2011, Charlotte E. Nicolás, MPH, and her fellow researchers at the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, compared the allergen levels of dogs in homes with supposedly hypoallergenic dogs to allergen levels in households with non-allergenic dogs. hypoallergenic. The result was that the canine allergen appeared in both groups.
This finding, published in the American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy, led representatives from both the Mayo Clinic and the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology to affirm that there was no such thing as hypoallergenic dog breeds.
However, this does not necessarily mean that all people with asthma can not have a dog, although 30 percent of people with asthma have an allergy to animals, compared to 10 percent of the general population, as indicated in Kidshealth. org.
Try these breeds
Bitches and Labradors can release lower amounts of dog allergens, according to the Mayo Clinic. In addition, mixed goldendoodle and other breeds, as well as the soft-coated wheaten terrier, are often sold as hypoallergenic because they shed very little hair. Of course, when you do not throw it, your skin can still be loaded with dog allergens.
Other races to consider include the basenji, the Chinese crested, the poodle, the shih tzu and the bichon frisé.
Less skin detachment causes dead skin cells (or dandruff) to be deprived of a path to the air, the floor, your furniture and your lungs.
Tips and ideas
The tips the Mayo Clinic gives to reduce allergy symptoms, in case you really want to have a dog, include:
• Get a small dog, since one more dog Small means less dandruff. • Keep the dog out of your bedroom or anywhere you spend a lot of time. • Keep the dog outdoors when the weather is good. • Bathe your dog every week to help eliminate dandruff (or better yet, ask someone to bathe your pet). • Clean floors regularly. A floor without carpet is good because not so dandruff will not be caught. If you have carpets, wash them regularly with shampoo. • Filter the air in your home using a high efficiency particulate air purifier (HEPA) and ventilation filters. This can help you eliminate allergens from the air.
I also recommend that everyone in the family wash their hands after touching a pet, although, of course, this rule is more difficult to implement.
If you or someone in your family has asthma, be sure to check with an asthma specialist about having a dog or other pet at home. In addition to providing you with advice, your doctor may be able to adjust medications or offer allergy immunotherapy vaccines to help reduce sensitivity to dog allergens.
About the author
Boyan Hadjiev, MD, has practiced his medical profession for five years and has a double certificate in internal medicine (2003) and allergy and immunology (2005).
Dr. Hadjiev graduated from the University of Michigan with a bachelor's degree in biology and an MD from the Cleveland Clinic-Case Western Reserve School of Medicine.