The strategy for treating asthma has not changed much in a century. The triple approach still begins with an acute rescue treatment, then a controller treatment, and finally the prevention of long-term complications.
The medicines used to treat asthma, however, have changed significantly. Rapid action or relief products are swallowed at the first sign of symptoms, to provide immediate relief. Long-term control medications are prescribed for daily use in order to prevent asthma attacks and symptoms.
[Albuterol] provides rapid relief of asthma symptoms by relaxing the muscles lining the airways.
Introduced to the US market in the 1920s, ephedrine is one of the oldest medications for the treatment of asthma. Although there are currently more modern medicines available, products with ephedrine are still sold without a prescription. Some people use them to treat mild cases of asthma.
This decongestant and bronchodilator belongs to a class of drugs called alpha-adrenergics. This medication allows you to breathe easier by expanding your airways and reducing the inflammation of your nasal passages. However, before starting any treatment plan or medication for asthma, you should first consult your doctor.
Ephedrine side effects
Be sure to tell your doctor if you are using ephedrine, and pay attention to any of these side effects:
• Sleep loss • Nervousness • Anxiety • Loss of appetite • Nausea • Increased heart rate and blood pressure • Tremors or tremors • Urine retention
Neither the Mayo Clinic nor the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI) includes ephedrine among its recommended treatments for asthma. However, the ACAAI includes other medicines in its step-by-step approach to asthma management, among which are:
• Inhaled corticosteroids • Cromolyn • Montelukast • Nedocromil • Theophylline • Zileuton • Omalizumab • Antagonists of the receptors of leukotrienes • Long-acting beta-agonists • Rapid-acting beta-agonists, such as albuterol
Albuterol is a supportive medication for asthma, classified as a rapid-acting beta-agonist (SABA, for its acronym in English). This medicine produces a quick relief against the symptoms of asthma, by relaxing the muscles that line the airways. It can be inhaled through an inhaler device; It is also available in liquid form and in tablets.
Side effects of albuterol
The most common but less serious side effects of this rapid-acting beta-agonist include:
• Nervousness • Agitation • Irritability
Less common but more serious side effects include:
• Accelerated heart rate • Irregular heart rhythm • Tremors or tremors
Only a qualified specialist can accurately diagnose asthma and distinguish it from other related respiratory diseases.Make sure you get professional advice before you start treating you with over-the-counter or home-made medications.
About the author
Boyan Hadjiev, a medical doctor, has been a practicing physician for five years. He has double certification in Internal Medicine (2003) and in Allergy and Immunology (2005).
Dr. Hadjiev graduated from the University of Michigan with a bachelor's degree in biology and a doctorate in medicine from Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and the Cleveland Clinic.