A fracture is a break in the bone that It can occur almost anywhere in the body. Splinting a fracture until medical help arrives increases the chance that the injured bone will get properly healed from the injured bone and can also significantly reduce the pain of the person who has the fracture. The key to splint well a fracture in an emergency is to move the body of the injured person as little as possible. You must splint the limb in the position in which you find it. The splints can be made of many everyday objects.
Evaluate the fracture. Look for any bleeding, deformities or inflammation by comparing the wound with other healthy limbs. If there is no significant bleeding and the bone has not pierced the skin, then continue with the splint. If these two things have happened call emergency and follow their instructions.
Gather material for splinting. Sticks, sweaters, towels, magazines and sheets are suitable for splint.
Collect objects to tie the splint. These may include bandages, ribbons, yarn, shoelaces and straps.
Press the splint carefully under or around the fracture. Do not move or straighten the injured limb. For example, if it is a broken ankle and you have a splint towel, you should fold the towel in a long rectangle and then slide it around the base of the foot so that it has a u-shape on the leg. For a fractured arm, you could use a magazine. Place the magazine under your arm and then curl it up and around your u-shaped arm.
Tie the splint in place. Put at least one tie above and below the wound. Never place the tie directly on the fracture. Slowly arrange a strap or bandage under the injured limb and tie it in place. For example, if you are splinting the ankle for the example above, then you should slide the ankle under the leg and just above the ankle. Make sure the tie is tight enough to hold the splint in place, but loose enough so it does not interfere with circulation. Check for signs that the skin is turning purple or losing sensation. Loosen and re-tie if necessary.
Seeks medical assistance. Reassure the injured person that everything will be fine and monitor their vital signs.