Lumbosacral pain, or low back pain, is a common discomfort Patients inform their doctors. Although many health problems can cause it, the most common is due to muscles or ligaments. You are more likely to suffer at middle age, if you are a woman, have a stressful job or are experiencing anxiety or depression. Other risk factors for low back pain include poor posture, inactivity and heavy lifting.
Lumbosacral pain does not always require treatment. In some cases, it improves in a few days and goes completely in less than a month. When treatment is necessary, your doctor may prescribe conservative therapies that include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, muscle relaxants, or physical therapy. Some people may also find that massage therapy, acupuncture, or chiropractic treatments help improve symptoms, but there are few studies to prove it.
If your back pain does not go away after 4 to 6 weeks after having a conservative therapy, your doctor will review your symptoms again and may request that images of your back be taken, starting with x-rays. You may then ask them to perform an MRI. X-rays reveal fractures in the eggs, osteoarthritis and show if your spine is correctly in place. An MRI reveals much more since it includes the ligaments, the nerves and the discs that are like cushions for the bones.
Sometimes, if a disc gets out of place, which is known as a herniated disc, it will press the nerves. If a disc presses one or more nerves, the person will have a strong pain in one or both legs, numbness in the legs or feet. Another of the most serious causes of lower back pain is due to shock fractures or osteoporosis, a disease that causes bones to become thin and weak. Bone cancer, and a cancer that has metastasized and spread to the bones, is an uncommon cause of low back pain. If you have pain that radiates to your legs, numbness or weakness in them, or urinary or intestinal problems, go visit your doctor as soon as you can to help you identify the true cause of your symptoms.