Potassium is essential for everyone's health Individuals and can play an important role in the treatment of complications that may arise if you suffer from type 2 diabetes. An adequate amount of potassium in your diet helps regulate muscle function, including the action of the heart. Too much potassium can cause hyperkalemia, although one of the main concerns for diabetics is a drop in potassium levels, known as hypokalemia, caused by the large amounts of insulin and fluids needed for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Although you may have diabetes, you need the same amount of potassium as other people. The recommended dose for adults is 2,000 milligrams of potassium per day. Meats, certain types of fish, fruits, dairy products, legumes and vegetables are sources of potassium. Eating too much salt, as well as excessive sweating, diarrhea, malnutrition and vomiting, can cause a reduction in potassium levels. Insufficient amounts of potassium can lead to an irregular heartbeat, weakness and muscle cramps. If you have diabetes and ACE inhibitor intakes, you run a higher risk of hypokalemia. ACE inhibitors are medicines that your doctor can prescribe to treat scleroderma, heart disease or high blood pressure, as well as other diseases. Benazepril, Fosinopril, Ramipril and Moexipril are all types of ACE inhibitors.
Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs most commonly in people with type 1 diabetes, but it can also affect you if you have type 2 diabetes. Insufficient amounts of insulin cause diabetic ketoacidosis. Without enough insulin, the body begins to break down the fat for fuel, flooding the bloodstream with ketones, a type of acid from the blood. Lost insulin treatments and infections or other diseases can cause diabetic ketoacidosis. This serious condition requires treatment with insulin and fluids, which can cause hypokalemia.
The standard treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis is to administer an intravenous drip that contains an insulin solution and helps decrease the amount of ketones in the blood. This necessary treatment can cause serum potassium levels to drop to a level that jeopardizes heart and nerve functions. The general method of treating potassium deficiency during the treatment of acidosis is to provide intravenous potassium when potassium blood serum levels fall below 5 milliequivalents per liter (mEq per L).
Preventing diabetic ketoacidosis is the best way to avoid the serious complication of having hypokalemia during treatment.Carefully reviewing your ketone levels and blood sugar levels, as well as adjusting insulin doses to keep your blood sugar levels within the target range, will help you reduce the risk of having diabetic ketoacidosis. Seek emergency medical attention if you show symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, such as a high blood sugar level combined with a high level of ketones in the urine.