A woman can develop ovarian cysts at any stage of her life, even while in the womb. Three types of ovarian cysts can occur, the most common being the physiological cysts (those that develop as a result of habitual female hormonal fluctuations). Physiological cysts do not usually require treatment, because they resolve spontaneously and do not have risk factors. Benign neoplasms and cancerous cysts occur less frequently.
Noncancerous ovarian cysts
High hormone levels in pregnant women can cause your growing daughter to have cysts in her ovaries even before birth. Most fetal ovarian cysts disappear before birth, and of those that remain at the time of birth, 90 percent resolve spontaneously when the baby is 3 months old.
Each month, the normal menstrual cycle causes changes in hormone levels. In the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, simple benign cysts can form. After ovulation, the corpus luteum (the shell of the follicle that contained the ovulated egg) forms a simple cyst. Complex but benign cysts can also be formed as a result of these normal processes. Because normal hormonal changes cause these cysts, the only risk factor for their development is being a woman. Simple cysts contain only fluid; Complex cysts may contain solid material.
The most important aspect to remember about ovarian cysts is that they do not require surgical removal. The time, and in some cases the medications, are the best treatments for benign ovarian cysts. Consult your doctor if you have concerns about this topic.
Ovarian cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in women, with almost 15,000 deaths per year. The best tool to diagnose or suspect the onset of cancer is a pelvic ultrasound with evaluation of the flow of the colon. This study is better than a CAT (computed tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance) scan.
The problem is that most of these cancers are detected in advanced stages, usually stage three or four. There are no real risk factors, but there are some interesting facts that should be taken into account. The oral contraceptive pill actually has a protective effect on the incidence of ovarian cancer. Ten years of continuous OCP use can reduce the risk of developing ovarian cancer by 60%.In addition, the more children a woman has, the lower the risk of ovarian cancer. Alcohol consumption does not affect this percentage, compared to breast cancer, which increases the risk of ovarian cancer. There is a strong association with the family for the development of this type of cancer. If a woman is a carrier of the cancer gene, the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes would have a 15% and a 40% chance, respectively, of developing ovarian cancer.
The bottom line is, the earlier the diagnosis, the greater the chance of survival.