Track competitions date back to the seventh century BC. C. The rules of today derive from nineteenth-century university competitions organized in England. People compete in race events such as the 400 meters around the world, with these types of events being considered as the main events in the Olympic Games. The standard track in which the athletes compete is an oval of 400 meters, according to Tom Hanlon in the "The Sports Rules Book".
Runners go through qualifiers, or preliminary races, to eliminate slower competitors. This means that the final race is run by the fastest competitors, according to the "Official Rule Book and Manual 2010" for Hershey Athletics.
The 400-meter race uses a stepped start to equal distance for all competitors, according to the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Runners must remain in their own lanes. The exit platforms are allowed in the 400-meter race. All races start with the start-up information after the "in your marks" and "prepared" commands, according to the International Association of Athletics Federations.
An athlete who makes a false start gets a warning. After this, the runner is disqualified from the race. A runner may be disqualified by pushing or obstructing another athlete to prevent his progress, according to the IAAF. A competitor who does not suffer a fault and gains an advantage by stepping on or passing an inner lane can also be disqualified, according to Hershey.