Rosacea is a condition of the skin that is typically characterized by redness on the face, usually on the forehead, cheeks and nose. The blood vessels under the skin, known as telangiectasias, are usually visible in the affected areas. Rosacea is more common in adults than in children. It is more prevalent in women, with the exception of rhinophyma variation, in which the nose becomes bulbous in appearance due to inflammation, this is regularly more common in men. Rosacea also affects the eyes, which is known as ocular rosacea.
Symptoms of ocular rosacea commonly include chronic irritation, redness, burning, photophobia, drying out and the sensation of a foreign body in the eye. These symptoms are usually caused by inflammation of the margins of the eyelids, a condition known as blepharitis, which can lead to an insufficient or abnormal tear production of the meibomian glands located in the eyelids.
For mild blepharitis and ocular rosacea, applying a warm compress, such as a warm cloth, over closed eyelids and gently massaging can help relieve the eye area and relieve symptoms. This procedure can be done in the morning when you get up and at night before going to sleep. Maintaining good eye hygiene by gently wiping the margins of the eyelids with a mild baby shampoo or a specialized over-the-counter eyelid cleaner also helps prevent or reduce inflammation. In some cases, however, prescription treatments such as anti-inflammatories and antibiotics are needed in the form of eye drops, ointments or oral medicine. The medication may only be required for a short period of time or as needed, but it may improve or alleviate the signs and symptoms for an extended period of time.