The gland Thyroid helps regulate metabolism and plays a vital role in weight control. Hypothyroidism is a disease in which the body produces too little thyroid hormone. The symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as weight gain and fatigue, can be difficult to overcome without medical treatment. If you suspect hypothyroidism, talk to your doctor.
The thyroid plays a central role in the regulation of body temperature, metabolism and other vital functions. An underactive thyroid can cause your metabolism to slow down, resulting in less efficient use of calories and weight gain. Other symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as fatigue and depression, can contribute even more to weight gain by being discouraged from exercising regularly. Dry skin, constipation and heavy menstrual bleeding can also be symptoms of thyroid dysfunction.
While a healthy diet is essential for people with hypothyroidism, it has been shown that there are specific foods to help or impair the function of the thyroid, according to a website. To prevent weight gain, control portion sizes and choose foods low in saturated fat and empty calories. Complex carbohydrates, lean proteins and monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are good options for regular consumption. Foods such as whole grains, skinless chicken, fish, fruits and vegetables are included in these groups. Limiting your consumption of fried foods, sweets and white flour reduces the amount of fat and calories in the diet to help prevent weight gain.
The fatigue and weakness that often come with hypothyroidism can make it harder for you to exercise. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity each day for adults. Splitting the exercise into three periods of 10 minutes each can make it easier to meet your daily goals. Activities such as brisk walking, swimming and cycling are fun and effective ways to help control your weight and keep you in shape.
While it is possible to lose weight with untreated hypothyroidism, symptoms such as fatigue and a slower metabolism may make it more difficult. Levothyroxine is the most common treatment for hypothyroidism and should be taken for life to maintain thyroid function. In addition to weight gain, hypothyroidism can cause serious health problems, such as high cholesterol, heart failure and problems in childbirth. If you suspect that you have hypothyroidism, the doctor may order blood tests to diagnose the condition.To ensure adequate absorption of levothyroxine, do not take it with fiber, calcium or iron supplements.