Getting the right calories helps children grow and develop at a normal rate. In fact, consuming very few calories and being malnourished can reduce the rate of growth in children, and can lead to a permanent delay in their growth. According to MedlinePlus, malnutrition in children can cause fainting, hair loss, fatigue, dizziness and weight loss. The suggested daily calorie intake for your children depends on their age, gender and activity level.
Ages 2 to 3 years
As children get older, boys typically need more calories than girls. However, at the age of 2 and 3 years, there is no difference between both sexes. Children of this age need approximately 1,000 to 1,400 calories a day to grow and develop at a normal rate. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010, sedentary children of two to three years and assets of the same age need 1,000 to 1,400 calories per day.
Ages 4 to 8 years
Active children aged four to eight require slightly more daily calories than girls within the same age range. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 estimates that children of this age, both boys and girls, need 1,200 to 1,400 calories a day if they are sedentary, from 1,400 to 1,600 calories a day if they are moderately active, while that active boys ages 4 to 8 need 1. 600 to 2.000 calories a day and girls of the same age range usually need 1. 400 to 1. 800 calories a day.
Ages 9 to 13 years
Children between 9 and 13 years of age need 1. 400 to 2. 600 calories a day, depending on their gender and activity level. For example, girls aged nine to 13 need 1. 400 to 1. 600 calories a day if they are sedentary, from 1. 600 to 2.000 calories if they are moderately active, and from 1.800 to 2.200. daily calories if they are regularly active; while children within the same age range need 1. 600 to 2.000 calories a day if they are sedentary, from 1. 800 to 2.200 calories if they are moderately active, and from 2.000 to 2. 600 calories a day. if they are active on a regular basis, says the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010.
Calories per pound
Because each child has unique characteristics, such as size and weight, this contributes to their daily caloric needs, The calculations provided by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 are not always applicable to all children. For example, children who are athletic may have caloric needs even higher than those who are active.Using your child's body weight helps you calculate your individual caloric needs. According to Hasbro Children's Hospital, children ages 1 to 7 often need 34 to 41 calories per day for every pound of their body weight, children seven to 12 years need approximately 27 to 34 calories per pound and Children 12 to 18 years old often need 13 to 27 calories per day for each pound of body weight. There may be exceptions for obese and overweight children.